For this assignment you will use Adobe Premiere Pro to produce a music video in which the music is presented as “diegetic music”.
This is an example of diegetic music. We can tell the music is coming from the radio that we see fall into the water because of how its sound changes. (Incidentally, all of the visual elements of this animation were designed in Illustrator. They were animated in Premiere Pro using keyframe automation techniques.
“Diegetic music or source music is music in a drama (e.g., film or video game) that is part of the fictional setting and so, presumably, is heard by the characters. The term refers to diegesis, a style of storytelling.”
Source: Wikipedia: Diegetic MusicLinks to an external site.
Diegetic Music is also known as “Source MusicLinks to an external site.”
An example of diegetic music is found in the scene in Star Wars: A New Hope, when Luke Skywalker enters the cantina.Links to an external site. Notice that we are 30 seconds into the scene before we see the source of the diegetic music. Listen to how the sound of the music changes as we move through the space with the characters.
This video provides additional explanation and examples of diegetic sound: The Sounds of Springfield – How The Simpsons Uses Diegetic and Non-Diegetic Sound.Links to an external site.
POTENTIAL SOURCES OF DIEGETIC MUSIC INCLUDE:
Parking lot speakers
Background music in a restaurant, bar, shopping center
Talking doll -pull the string
The apartment upstairs
TECHNIQUES FOR PROCESSING SOUNDS TO MAKE THEM MATCH THEIR DIEGETIC SOURCES INCLUDE:EQ (equalization)Match the spectral (frequency) qualities of the music to match the intended sound source (phone, headphones, small radio, neighbor’s apartment, underwater)
ReverbAdd the acoustic qualities of the space (auditorium, tunnel, tiled bathroom, under a blanket) to the music.
Pitch ShiftDoppler Effect (perceived with rapidly moving sound source or listener position).
The Doppler Effect: what does motion do to waves?Links to an external site.
Volume ShiftThe greater the distance, the lower the volume.
Physics of sound intensityLinks to an external site.
Positioning/PanningLocate the sound in space.
TutorialsTips For Editing Source MusicLinks to an external site.
How to Simulate Music Inside a Film’s EnvironmentLinks to an external site.
Adobe Help: Automating mixes with envelopesLinks to an external site.
You are expected to spend at least 16 hours on this project. This estimate includes time to conceptualize your project, collect and produce audio and video content, research techniques, edit audio and video assets, apply audio and video effects to your composition, export your video, write a reflection on your creative production process and upload your video and writing. This is a complex project requiring a combination of all of the design and technical skills that you have developed over the course of the this class. Start working on this as soon as possible and break the work up over multiple days.
Integrate visual, audio and temporal elements into unified video content.Consciously apply design principles in the media production/editing process.
Discuss the psychological effects that result from the sensory fusion of visual and auditory media.
Demonstrate proficiency with basic video editing techniques using Adobe Premiere Pro.Construct video sequences with multiple audio and video tracks.
Apply audio and video effects to clips and/or tracks.
Automate parameters and/or effects using keyframe timeline tools.
Integrate text into video composition.
You must have at least five (5) distinctly sonically unique presentations of the music that contextualize the sound source in your fictional environment.You could have a consistent sound source, such as a radio, that travels through the world and is heard in dramatically different environments and situations that shape its sonic character. (I imagine a radio falling from a helicopter, tumbling down a mountain, plunging off a cliff, sinking into the ocean, being swallowed by a whale, …)
Another possibility is that the song continuously reemerges from a sonically diverse range of sound sources.
We should not just hear the music. It is essential to build sonic environments with atmosphere and other incidental sounds that are part of that place.
Movement is a vital aspect of Film/Video.With still images the design principle of movement is all about implied motion.
In video movement is almost always directly seen.
Movement can result from:Characters or objects in the scene moving in relation to the camera. (This is the easiest to plan and choreograph.)
The camera moving in relation to the elements in the scene. (Camera movements are much more difficult to do well and should be used sparingly by beginning/intermediate level film and video creators.)
Or a combination of both movements.
Movement can be produced using keyframe automation techniques!
I strongly encourage you to produce as much of your source material for the video as possible.Video content can be shot or generated by automating still images.
You are allowed to supplement your video with footage that has been explicitly shared for reuse (look for videos with Creative Commons licenses that specify this) or is in the “Public Domain”.
All source material must be cited/credited. (This includes material that you produce yourself.)
Your video should be approximately 1- 3 minutes longLonger is not necessarily better. Quality and technical complexity of your production are more significant and will dictate the appropriate length of your video.
Music does not need to be, and probably should not be, playing continuously throughout your video.
Don’t think of this as a typical music video in which we hear the song as the original album (or streaming music) release, with the musicians featured in the video. This is more like a short film that features the music as a character. This character is not always present in every scene, and is sometimes distant, sometimes near.
Don’t get overwhelmed trying to come up with the perfect concept or structure for this project. Ultimately it is a design exercise that allows you to explore and demonstrate editing techniques and creatively apply design principles.
There are many different creative directions that you could take this project in. Potential factors that might inspire a particular direction include:
Song/music selectionA particular song or section of music might give you a vision of a plot, characters, or just a visual style that aligns with or creatively contrasts with the sound of this music.
Technical approachYou might be interested in a particular video production technique that you would like to learn and/or explore. These are a few ideas to consider:Time stretching/contracting/reversing/looping
Automated movement of still images
Story ideaEven though this will be a very short format, you can produce a narrative arc.
Graphic design inspiredAnimated words and graphic elements could be a core aspect of your video.Words and graphics could form entire backgrounds, or be overlayed on buildings, streets, etc.
Sound (source and space) drivenRegardless of other inspirations, you should keep this one at the forefront of your thinking. The diegetic presence of the sound source(s) for the music is a defining requirement for this assignment.
UnityThis design principle should also be a high priority.What unites all the scenes, sound sources and other elements that make up your video composition.A conceptual continuity to a storyline might be a part of this (but is not a requirement).
Look for design strategies to unify elementsLimited color pallet
Patterns (of motion?)
Proportion (as a consistently present theme -miniatures or giants?)
Balance (amplified awareness of mass and gravity?)
Gather/Produce assetsAudioMusic/songCopyright protected content can be used in accordance with:The University of Chicago: Copyright Information Center: Fair Use and other Educational UsesLinks to an external site.
Creative Commons: Legal Music for VideosLinks to an external site.Using music that is shared with the express purpose of reuse/remix makes it possible for you to use your creative work beyond this academic use/
Other soundsRecord your own!
Or download (use discretion – user uploaded content is often minimally filtered for appropriateness or quality)https://freesound.org/Links to an external site.
VideoRecord your own video content (as much as possible)
Produce motion video from still images (Use Photoshop and Illustrator to produce the elements for this.)
Supplement with downloaded contentBe thoughtful about your use of other peoples creative work. You can easily end up with an incoherent mix of styles and content that leaves no room for your own creative expression.
https://www.pexels.com/Links to an external site.
https://www.videvo.net/Links to an external site.
Assemble / EditThe process for this will vary depending on your approach, but in general I’d recommend:Create a very rough editPlace key elements approximately where they belong in the timeline
Match sonic elements to visual elements
Still images can be placeholders for video or motion graphics (animated still images)
Review your editHow is the overall pacing, flow, structure?
Make adjustments and fill in details.Add visual effects
Process and layer sounds to emphasize diegetic music and establish a sense of acoustic space
Repeat the process of viewing your work as a whole, then honing in on fine details.
Have other people watch and listen to your video!Ask for specific feedback on questions you have about your project.
Add a title and credits to your video.
When you are satisfied with your editFile > Export > Media…Verify the file name and location
Pick Preset: Match Source – Adaptive High Bitrate
Pick Format: H.264
Leave other settings at defaultsMake sure Video, Audio, Effects and Metadata are activated
Select the time range for your export
Watch and listen to your final export!Make sure audio levels are strong but not “clipping” (listen for distortion on peak sound levels).
Make sure your video plays from beginning to end without any errors or missing elements.
UploadFinal, compressed (H.264) video file
Written description of your video concept and an overview of your approach to the production. Describe at least one aspect of your final product that you are especially proud of as a technical and/or aesthetic achievement. This should be at least three paragraphs addressing your concept, production and achievement.
Archive (but do not upload)Your complete Premiere project files (project file and audio and video sources)