Categories
Philosophy

Part 2: Short-Answer. Answer these questions in 2 to 4 complete sentences, more

Part 2: Short-Answer. Answer these questions in 2 to 4 complete sentences, more or less. Be concise and precise, but write in full, grammatical sentences (avoid fragments). Avoid vagueness and info-dumping—answer just what the question asks, rather than writing everything you know about the topic(not a good strategy). Strive for clarity. CAUTION: Answers must be in your voice, explained in your own words. If detected, copying/pasting from the Powerpoints and swapping out synonyms will not get full credit.
Total points possible: 20
1) Worth 6 points: Why does Montaigne think that whether someone had a good life is something that can’t be judged until their last day? A complete answer 1) explainsMontaigne’s conception of death, 2) why the final day is important to Montaigne, and 3) what this has to do with the good life.
2) Worth 6 points: Marx explains 4 ways that capitalism alienates workers. Describe 2 ways in which Marx thinks workers are alienated under capitalism. A complete answer 1) describes what alienation is in general, then 2) explains 2 ways in which capitalism creates alienation for workers, and 3) for each of these, explains what is wrong about it.
3) Worth 8 points: In your own words, define moral schizophrenia as discussed by Stephen Gardiner then give an example of it. A complete answer 1) defines the idea of moral schizophrenia [2pts], 2) explains why it is “schizophrenic” [2pts], 3) provides an original example of this phenomenon [2pts] and, finally, 4) includes an explanation why/what it is an example of the phenomenon [2pts].
1) Worth 4 possible points: Is the following argument valid? Explain your answer. (Remember that the definition of validity is that if the premises are true, the conclusion must be true. In evaluating this argument, it is also useful to consider the type of claims each of them is.)
Premise: Human beings are by nature selfish.
Conclusion: Therefore, we should act selfishly.

2) Worth 6 possible points: According to Amia Srinivasan, why does effective altruism require the wrong thing from us? Use an example to explain your answer. For full answer, you must 1) explain how effective altruism works and what it requires, 2) use a relevant example (either from the reading or the ppts on the topic, or an original one), and 3) explain what is required by EA in the example and why this is the wrong kind of thing to require.

Categories
Philosophy

Present the concept of dignity in Kant’s Groundwork. As part of your analysis an

Present the concept of dignity in Kant’s Groundwork. As part of your analysis and critical discussion, consider the issue raised by Andreas Matthias in his article ‘Dignity and Dissent in Humans and Non-humans.’ I.e., do AI systems currently have, or could they conceivably have, dignity?
Matthias, A. 2020. ‘Dignity and Dissent in Humans and Non- Humans, ‘ Science and Engineering Ethics 26: 2497-2510.
Quote directly from both texts to illustrate and support your claims.
Length- Approx 10 pages

Categories
Philosophy

Part 2: Short-Answer. Answer these questions in 2 to 4 complete sentences, more

Part 2: Short-Answer. Answer these questions in 2 to 4 complete sentences, more or less. Be concise and precise, but write in full, grammatical sentences (avoid fragments). Avoid vagueness and info-dumping—answer just what the question asks, rather than writing everything you know about the topic(not a good strategy). Strive for clarity. CAUTION: Answers must be in your voice, explained in your own words. If detected, copying/pasting from the Powerpoints and swapping out synonyms will not get full credit.
Total points possible: 20
1) Worth 6 points: Why does Montaigne think that whether someone had a good life is something that can’t be judged until their last day? A complete answer 1) explainsMontaigne’s conception of death, 2) why the final day is important to Montaigne, and 3) what this has to do with the good life.
2) Worth 6 points: Marx explains 4 ways that capitalism alienates workers. Describe 2 ways in which Marx thinks workers are alienated under capitalism. A complete answer 1) describes what alienation is in general, then 2) explains 2 ways in which capitalism creates alienation for workers, and 3) for each of these, explains what is wrong about it.
3) Worth 8 points: In your own words, define moral schizophrenia as discussed by Stephen Gardiner then give an example of it. A complete answer 1) defines the idea of moral schizophrenia [2pts], 2) explains why it is “schizophrenic” [2pts], 3) provides an original example of this phenomenon [2pts] and, finally, 4) includes an explanation why/what it is an example of the phenomenon [2pts].
1) Worth 4 possible points: Is the following argument valid? Explain your answer. (Remember that the definition of validity is that if the premises are true, the conclusion must be true. In evaluating this argument, it is also useful to consider the type of claims each of them is.)
Premise: Human beings are by nature selfish.
Conclusion: Therefore, we should act selfishly.

2) Worth 6 possible points: According to Amia Srinivasan, why does effective altruism require the wrong thing from us? Use an example to explain your answer. For full answer, you must 1) explain how effective altruism works and what it requires, 2) use a relevant example (either from the reading or the ppts on the topic, or an original one), and 3) explain what is required by EA in the example and why this is the wrong kind of thing to require.

Categories
Philosophy

Instructions: Please write a 2-3 page essay answering all parts of the following

Instructions:
Please write a 2-3 page essay answering all parts of the following question. Feel free to use material and ideas from throughout Chapter 8. However, if you choose to use any direct quotes from the chapter, or any other outside sources, then please remember to properly cite that material. The use of any outside material without citation will be considered plagiarism and will result in a 0 for the assignment.
Prompt:
According to Thomas Hobbes, all individuals are self-interested and competitive. Given this assessment of human nature, what does Hobbes think a state without government, or a state of nature, would be like? How can we get out of this state of nature and what is the role of the social contract in this process? Do you think that Hobbes is correct in his account of the origins of government?
Textbook link https://view.publitas.com/p222-13032/philosophy-a-…

Categories
Philosophy

What is cultural relativism? Explain at least one of Rachels’ objections against

What is cultural relativism? Explain at least one of Rachels’ objections against cultural relativism. In your view, does Rachels defeat cultural relativism? Explain.
At least one page

Categories
Philosophy

please follow instructions in screen shots. Also the first answer is you answeri

please follow instructions in screen shots. Also the first answer is you answering these 3 videos. The other 2 are you replying to other student’s responses. I will be able to see the other student’s responses when I submit the first 1. So send as quickly as possible
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rXXXTqWBGpghttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jGhPCMcj0Q0https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UPkaB8YvD9k

Categories
Philosophy

Instructions: Please write a 2-3 page essay answering all parts of the following

Instructions:
Please write a 2-3 page essay answering all parts of the following question. Feel free to use material and ideas from throughout Chapter 8. However, if you choose to use any direct quotes from the chapter, or any other outside sources, then please remember to properly cite that material. The use of any outside material without citation will be considered plagiarism and will result in a 0 for the assignment.
Prompt:
According to Thomas Hobbes, all individuals are self-interested and competitive. Given this assessment of human nature, what does Hobbes think a state without government, or a state of nature, would be like? How can we get out of this state of nature and what is the role of the social contract in this process? Do you think that Hobbes is correct in his account of the origins of government?
Textbook link https://view.publitas.com/p222-13032/philosophy-a-…

Categories
Philosophy

What is cultural relativism? Explain at least one of Rachels’ objections against

What is cultural relativism? Explain at least one of Rachels’ objections against cultural relativism. In your view, does Rachels defeat cultural relativism? Explain. At least one page

Categories
Philosophy

You are to place yourself in the Original Position behind the Veil of Ignorance.

You are to place yourself in the Original Position behind the Veil of Ignorance. You are to choose an education system, a health care system, a social security system and roughly decide on a system of taxation and spending.
In order to justify your position, you can add three principles of justice in addition to the ones Rawls proposes (I am going to assume that Rawls is correct when he thinks everyone would agree to his principles).
The best way to think about this thought experiment is to read and reread the 2nd paragraph from Anthony Kenny and the 2nd paragraph from Michael Sandel, from my lecture notes parts 3 & 4.
You must all agree on these proposals and the principles underlying them.
Keep in mind that this discussion is worth 10 points, if you only do your usual amount of discussion, I will grade you on a 5-point scale.

Categories
Philosophy

You thoroughly address the prompt by giving a succinct and focused explanation o

You thoroughly address the prompt by giving a succinct and focused explanation of the
argument/passage in your own words.
Your writing is clear, grammatical, and organized.
You demonstrate that you read the assignment carefully.
You ask an insightful question, raise an interesting objection, or thoughtfully develop an idea
from the reading.
more details + the question will be provide later!